ⓒKorea Tourism Organization - Lee Bumsu
Cheomseongdae Observatory, located in Gyeongju, South Korea, is an ancient astronomical observatory and an extraordinary architectural marvel. Built during the reign of Queen Seondeok of the Silla Dynasty in the 7th century, it is one of the oldest surviving astronomical observatories in the world.
The observatory stands as a cylindrical stone structure, composed of 27 layers of carefully cut granite stones. Its shape is unlike any other structure found in East Asia during that era, making it a unique and significant historical monument. The cylindrical tower is about 9.4 meters tall and 5.7 meters in diameter at the base.
A Study of Celestial Phenomina
Cheomseongdae's primary purpose was to observe and study celestial phenomena, such as stars, planets, and the lunar calendar. The structure's design and alignment with the cardinal directions are believed to have played a crucial role in astronomical observations and timekeeping during ancient times.
The observatory's construction reflects the advanced astronomical knowledge and engineering skills of the Silla Dynasty. It signifies the scientific and cultural achievements of the ancient civilization, particularly in the field of astronomy.
Today, Cheomseongdae Observatory is a popular tourist attraction, drawing visitors who are captivated by its historical significance and architectural beauty. The observatory is surrounded by a well-maintained park, offering a serene and contemplative atmosphere.
Visiting Cheomseongdae Observatory is not only a journey back in time but also an opportunity to appreciate the ingenuity and sophistication of ancient Korean astronomers. It stands as a symbol of Korea's rich cultural heritage and scientific achievements, inviting visitors to marvel at the wonders of the cosmos and the enduring legacy of the Silla Dynasty.